There are two main ways that vehicles can run on electricity, plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

EVs plug in to charging stations, which are typically connected to the grid, and store power in on-board lithium ion batteries. Even in Ohio, where the electrical grid is largely powered by coal, driving on electricity creates less carbon emissions and pollution then petroleum.

The price of electricity is lower and more stable than that of petroleum, making it much more cost effective. EV drivers can see more savings by taking advantage of home charging, off-peak residential rates, and other incentives offered by electric utility providers.

Electric cars measure fuel efficiency in Miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (MPGe) and kilowatt-hours (kWh) per 100 miles. Depending on how they are driven, today’s light-duty EVs (or PHEVs in electric mode) can exceed 130 MPGe and can drive 100 miles consuming only 25–40 kWh.

Charging infrastructure is rapidly expanding, providing drivers with the convenience, range, and confidence to meet their transportation needs with EVs.

Learn more about the basics and benefits of electricity here!

There are over 26,000 public access EV chargers in the US.

There are 3 kinds of EV chargers. Level 1 is the slowest using a traditional 3-pronged outlet, Level 2 is the middle ground and often used at destinations where a car will be parked for a while, like malls and work. DC Fast Chargers charge your vehicle the fastest, getting most batteries to 80% in about an hour and are best for long road trips.

Electric battery costs are falling rapidly. This makes EVs more affordable to manufacture and buy, expanding both commercial and private use.

Ohio is home to a prominent EV manufacturing startup, Lordstown Motors.

Find out about the laws and incentives surrounding electric-powered vehicles in Ohio here!